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Application of time-variable process noise in terrestrial reference frames determined from VLBI data
Citation key escidoc:3471889
Author Soja, B. and Gross, Richard S. and Abbondanza, Claudio and Chin, Toshio M. and Heflin, Michael B. and Parker, Jay W. and Wu, Xiaoping and Balidakis, K. and Nilsson, T. and Glaser, Susanne and Karbon, Maria and Heinkelmann, R. and Schuh, H.
Pages 2418 - 2425
Year 2018
DOI 10.1016/j.asr.2018.02.023
Journal Advances in Space Research
Volume 61
Abstract In recent years, Kalman filtering has emerged as a suitable technique to determine terrestrial reference frames (TRFs), a prime example being JTRF2014. The time series approach allows variations of station coordinates that are neither reduced by observational corrections nor considered in the functional model to be taken into account. These variations are primarily due to non-tidal geophysical loading effects that are not reduced according to the current IERS Conventions (2010). It is standard practice that the process noise models applied in Kalman filter TRF solutions are derived from time series of loading displacements and account for station dependent differences. So far, it has been assumed that the parameters of these process noise models are constant over time. However, due to the presence of seasonal and irregular variations, this assumption does not truly reflect reality. In this study, we derive a station coordinate process noise model allowing for such temporal variations. This process noise model and one that is a parameterized version of the former are applied in the computation of TRF solutions based on very long baseline interferometry data. In comparison with a solution based on a constant process noise model, we find that the station coordinates are affected at the millimeter level.
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